The exact reason for this unusual procedure has been lost to history. Otto the Great also forced the king and his heir apparent Harald Bluetooth to convert to Christianity. Otto II., called the Red, was Holy Roman Emperor from 973 until his death. Otto II died suddenly in 983 at the age of 28 after a ten-year reign. Though Otto I preferred Byzantine Princess Anna Porphyrogenita, daughter of former Byzantine Emperor Romanos II, as she was born in the purple, her age (then only five years old) prevented serious consideration by the East. In Rome, Otto II held a magnificent court ceremony to mark Easter. - Römisch-deutscher Kaiser 955 Geburt als Sohn von Kaiser Otto I. When his father died after a 37-year reign, the eighteen-year old Otto II became absolute ruler of the Holy Roman Empire in a peaceful succession. Ehe mit der Adelheid von Hoch-Burgund, Tochter von König Rudolf II. This was not enough for the young Bavarian Duke, who wished to extend his influence in the Duchy of Swabia as his father had under Otto the Great. (Otto der Große) und Adelheid, Tochter des Königs Rudolf II. Fue uno de los ascendientes de la Casa de Habsburgo, y fue el primer noble en usar el apellido «de Habsburgo». During his first seven years as Emperor, he was constantly occupied with maintaining Imperial power against internal rivals and external enemies. Leben Otto II., römischer Kaiser, geb. Though Otto I was crowned Emperor in 962 and returned to Germany in 965, the political situation in Italy remained unstable. 967 Im When Otto the Great died, the smooth succession to the imperial throne of Otto II had long been guaranteed. The Northern March (outlined in red) between the Billung March in the north and the Saxon Eastern March (March of Lusatia) in the south. Otto II., called the Red, was Holy Roman Emperor from 973 until his death. 1113 HM George I's 15-Great Grandfather. On May 7, 973, Otto died of fever, and Otto II succeeded his father as sole Emperor without meeting any opposition. Margrave Odo, commander of the Eastern March, taught the young crown prince the art of war and the kingdom's legal customs. Beobachtungen zur Symbolik der Farbe Rot in schriftlichen Quellen des Mittelalters. With Henry II deposed, in July 976 Otto II issued far-reaching edicts on the reorganization of the southern German duchies. In Rome, Otto II held a magnificent court ceremony to mark Easter. Though the nominal co-ruler of the Empire, he was denied any role in its administration. The Polabian Slavs destroyed the bishoprics of Havelberg and Brandenburg. Father of Adelheid I, Abbess of Quedlinburg; Sophie I, Abbess of Gandersheim; Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor and Mathilde of Germany. , In 976, Otto II had deposed Henry II as Duke of Bavaria and imprisoned him. He was also called Otto VI as Count Palatine of Bavaria from 1156 to 1180. Sickness among his troops brought on by winter and a French relief army under Hugh Capet forced Otto II and Charles to lift the siege on November 30, and to return to Germany. Otto II would only visit the Duchy three times during his reign, in all cases accompanied by the military. "Otto Neurath - Der rote Elefant" lautet der Titel der 54-minütigen TV-Dokumentation. Under Otto II, Pandulf added the Principality of Salerno in 978 to the Empire. Monasticism became a key part of Otto II's Imperial policy, entrusting the Abbots with key political functions. Otto II († 8 de noviembre de 1111)  fue un conde de Habsburgo, landgrave de la Alta Alsacia y Vogt de Muri. Otto II was born in 955, the third son of the King of Germany Otto I and his second wife Adelaide of Italy. OTTO I., sein Sohn und Nachfolger OTTO II. At his father's death in 973 he was accepted without opposition as successor, although revolts in the duchy of Bavaria and in Lorraine occupied the early years of his reign.  Boniface VII was then summarily excommunicated for his unsuccessful attempt to take the papacy.  The Emperor's army besieged and captured the Byzantine city of Taranto, the administrative center of Apulia, in March 982. The Ottonians had particular religious interest in Memleben as both Otto II's father Otto I and grandfather Henry I had died there. It is also conceivable, however, that holding the election in Italy was a deliberate choice on the part of Otto II in order to demonstrate that Italy was an equal part of the Empire on the same level as Germany. The Archbishop of Mainz Willigis, appointed in 975, who had been with Otto II's advisor since Otto the Great's second expedition into Italy in the 960s, had not been born from a noble family. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. The marriage brought the Empire and Venice into close relationship, with Otto I, in 967, granting a series of commercial agreements to Venice in general and to Pietro IV's family in particular. By 976, Henry II returned to Bavaria. Otto died soon after the appointment of Pope Benedict VI in 973. Mehr Infos zur Einwilligung (inkl.  Despite the Emir's death, the Muslim troops did not flee the battlefield but regrouped and managed to surround the Imperial soldiers, slaughtering many of them and inflicting a severe defeat upon the Emperor. The Ottonians' chief lieutenant in central and southern Italy had long been the Lombard leader Pandulf Ironhead. After having ruled Venice for four years, Pietro I voluntarily abdicated to become a monk, allowing the pro-Ottonian Vitale to return to Venice as Doge in 977, restoring the city's friendly relationship with the Empire. As early as 980 Otto II demanded a fleet from the city of Pisa to help him carry out his war in southern Italy, and in September 981 he marched into southern Italy. Of Greek descent, John was the personal chaplain of Otto II's wife Theophanu, accompanying her when she traveled from Constantinople to marry Otto II. The Imperial defeat shocked the political makeup of Southern Italy. In September 978, Otto II retaliated against Lothair by invading France with the aid of Charles. Stargardt Verlag, Marburg, Schwennicke, Detlev (Ed. Oktober 2012 in Halle (Saale) (pp. , Otto II's coronation allowed marriage negotiations to begin with the East. Matilda, born 979, died 1025; who married Ezzo, count palatine of Lotharingia, Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor, born June or July 980, A daughter, a twin to Otto, who died before October 8, 980. Otto II's coronation allowed marriage negotiations to begin with the East. He was likely motivated by the high risk associated with his expedition into Italy to claim the Imperial title from the Pope.  More sympathetic chroniclers said that it was due to his reddish complexion. In 950, Otto the Great had subdued the Kingdom of Denmark and forced the Danish King Gorm the Old to accept him as his overlord. Das Herzogtum Franken Das Herzogtum Franken behielt Otto ein und unterstellte es der Königsherrschaft. "der Rote" der Liudolfinger, römisch-deutscher Kaiser, French: Otton II "le Roux" Ludolphides, empereur du Saint-Empire, Italian: Ottone II di Sassonia, imperatore dei Romani, Greek: Όθων Β΄ "ο ερυθρός" Λιουντολφιδών, Ρωμαίο αυτοκράτορα, Mathilde of Germany. * 23.11.912 in Wallhausen† 07.05.973 in MemlebenOTTO I. wird als der bedeutendste Ottonenherrscher betrachtet.  Following the New Year, Otto II led his Imperial court to Rome, reaching the city on February 9, 981, where the Emperor restored Pope Benedict VII to his papal throne without difficulty. Sickness among his troops brought on by winter and a French relief army under Hugh Capet forced Otto II and Charles to lift the siege on November 30, and to return to Germany. Instead, Otto II named as Duke his nephew Otto, son of his half-brother Liudolf, Duke of Swabia. When Otto II sent an imperial representative, Count Sicco, to secure his release, Crescentius I and Cardinal-Deacon Franco Ferrucci, who would subsequently become Boniface VII, an antipope, had Benedict murdered while still in prison.. On December 25, 967, Otto II was crowned Co-Emperor by Pope John XIII, securing Otto II's succession to the Imperial crown following his father's death. Free from his confinement, he seized the infant Otto III and, as a member of the ruling Ottonian dynasty, claimed the regency of the Empire for himself. However, the death of Otto II the next year and the resulting civil war prevented the Empire from appropriately responding to the defeat. Otto II and the assembled nobles agreed on a strategy of naval blockade and economic warfare until reinforcement from Germany could arrive. Holy Roman Emperor. Accepting the Pope's call for aid, Otto II and Theophanu, along with their infant son Otto III, prepared for a march south across the Alps. Boleslaus II was treated with honors and swore loyalty to Otto II. Radbot von der Habsburg (um 985–?1045), Graf im Klettgau Ita, Tochter des Herzogs Adalbert II. To help calm the situation in the west, Otto II appointed Charles, his cousin and brother of Lothar, as Duke of Lower Lorraine. Otto I crossed the Alps into Italy, while Otto II remained in Germany, and the two archbishops, Bruno and William, were appointed as his regents. Pandulf's death in 981 deprived Otto II of one of his primary lieutenants. Margrave Odo, commander of the Eastern March, taught the young crown prince the art of war and the kingdom's legal customs. Otto II, Otto der Rote, 955-983, Adelsgeschlecht der Liudolfinger, römisch-deutscher Kaiser von 973 bis 983., Digital improved reproduction of an illustration from the 19th century OTTO II. der Rote (*955/°983) war der Sohn Ottos I. des Großen (*912/°973) und dessen Ehefrau Adelheid von Burgund. The Byzantines joined forces with the Muslims and regained possession of Apulia from Ottonian forces. Otto II appointed Willigis, the Archbishop of Mainz, to serve as his regent over Germany. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben. The Doge and his son, also named Pietro, were killed in the blaze, but their bodies were later recovered and respectfully buried. Die alleinige Herrschaft über die Hinterlassenschaft Ottos I. übernahm Otto II. When Harald became king in 958, he expanded the control of his kingdom into Norway, becoming king there in 970. His father also arranged for Otto II to marry the Byzantine Princess Theophanu, who would be his wife until his death. Otto II. With peace concluded, Otto II returned to Aachen to celebrate Pentecost, and then moved towards Nijmegen. WK dt. Augsburg was located on the western side of the Swabian-Bavarian border, the territory of Henry II's brother-in-law Burchard III, Duke of Swabia. Otto II was a member of the Ottonian dynasty of rulers of Germany (and later the Holy Roman Empire) from 919 to 1024. Dirk Dautzenberg was born on October 7, 1921 in Duisburg, Germany as Wilhelm Dietrich Dautzenberg. , In July 983, Pope Benedict VII, a longtime Ottonian supporter, died of natural causes after having reigned for almost ten years. Im Jahre 961 setzte der Vater die Wahl des Sohnes, Ottos II., zum Mitkönig sowie 967 die Krönung zum Mitkaiser durch. Following Otto II's death in 983, Theophanu, as her son Otto III's regent, would name John as Otto III's tutor. By depriving Bavaria of the March of Verona, Otto II considerably reduced the influence of the Bavarian Dukes in northern Italy and in general Imperial policy regarding Italy. He was crowned associate Emperor 25 Dec 967 at Rome. Otto II attempted on several occasions to reunify the Lombard principalities politically and ecclesiastically into his Empire after Pandulf's death. In response to the rebellion, Otto II stripped Henry II of his Duchy and had him excommunicated. 955, † am 7. Beobachtungen zur Symbolik der Farbe Rot in schriftlichen Quellen des Mittelalters Otto II arrives in Italy at Pavia on December 5, 980. (auch Otto der Rote genannt; * 955; † 7. Otto II followed the policy of his father in expanding the importance of the Church in his Empire, in particular the importance of monasticism and monasteries.  More sympathetic chroniclers said that it was due to his reddish complexion. Otto II was a member of the Ottonian dynasty of rulers of Germany (and later the Holy Roman Empire) from 919 to 1024. After a violent clash, a corps of Otto II's heavy cavalry destroyed the Muslim center and pushed towards al-Qasim's guards, with the Emir killed during the charge. Ende 955 The brothers Reginar IV, Count of Mons, and Lambert I, Count of Louvain, demanded that the Emperor restore their confiscated inheritance in the Duchy of Lorraine. His father also arranged for Otto II to marry the Byzantine Princess Theophanu, who would be his wife until his death. He was elected associate King of Germany at Worms and crowned at Aachen 26 May 961. von Ober-Lothringen, aus dem Geschlecht der Matfriede Otto (1015–1055), Graf im … Otto Baum was born in Stetten on 15. mil. Otto II was later crowned by his uncle Bruno the Great, Archbishop of Cologne, at Aachen Cathedral on May 26, 961. Otto was the only child of Konrad 'der Rote' Duke of Lotharingia, and his wife Luitgard of Saxony, daughter of Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor, and his first wife, Edith of Wessex.His parents married in about 947 and his mother died in 953, so Otto was perhaps born about 950. Otto II followed the policy of his father in expanding the importance of the Church in his Empire, in particular the importance of monasticism and monasteries. During his educational period in Hohenheim he became a part-time member of the Allgemeine-SS on 1.11.1933. II. Though established by Otto I, the exact details of the diocese's boundaries were left to Otto II and his aides. The choice of Emperor John I Tzimisces was his niece Theophanu, who was the soldier-emperor's niece by marriage. In Pavia, Otto II and his mother, the dowager empress Adelaide of Italy, were reconciled after years of being apart. A member of the Ottonian dynasty, Otto II was the youngest and sole surviving son of Otto the Great and Adelaide of Italy. The defeat at Stilo forced Otto II to flee north to Rome. The Saxon nobility continued to resist the Archdiocese of Magdeburg located along the Empire's eastern border. In summer 974, Harald rebelled against Otto II. At the assembly, Otto II appointed Conrad (a distant relative of Otto II) and Henry III as the new Dukes of Swabia and Bavaria respectively. am 28.November 912, † am 7. One of the most important such monks was John Philagathus (the future Antipope John XVI). With the position vacant, the pro-Byzantine Tribuno Memmo became the new Doge in 979. In order to give the hope of dynastic continuity after his death, Otto I again confirmed Otto II as his heir on February 2, 965, the third anniversary of Otto I's coronation as Emperor. In Pavia, Otto II and his mother, the dowager empress Adelaide of Italy, were reconciled after years of being apart. (Pfalz) Otto II's troops marched on Byzantine-controlled Apulia in January 982 with the purpose of annexing the territory into his Empire. Otto II, Otto der Rote, 955-983, Adelsgeschlecht der Liudolfinger, römisch-deutscher Kaiser von 973 bis 983., Digital improved reproduction of an illustration from the 19th century Holy Roman Emperor Otto II the Red, Otho II Rufus, 955-983. Stimmt es, dass Otto II. In September 978, Otto II retaliated against Lothair by invading France with the aid of Charles.  The unresolved problems in southern Italy and the Slavic uprising on the Empire's eastern border made the Empire's political situation extremely unstable. Otto II sought continued peace between himself and the descendants of his uncle Henry I, Duke of Bavaria. With his authority reestablished over the Lombard princes, Otto II turned his attention towards the threat from Muslim Sicily. The death of Pandulf in 981 allowed the Sicilian Emir Abu al-Qasim to increase his raids, hitting targets in Apulia and Calabria. Otto II. Otto II was confined primarily to northern Italy during his father's time south of the Alps. Otto II's support of Charles, however, infuriated the French king, who claimed the Duchy as his own territory. Thietmar blames the uprising on maltreatment of the Slavs by the Germans: "Warriors, who used to be our servants, now free as a consequence of our injustices. The situation between East and West was finally resolved to share sovereignty over southern Italy. With matters in southern Germany settled, Otto II turned his attention to defeating and capturing Henry II. As a result of this victory, Otto II officially annexed Denmark into the Empire and exiled Harald to Norway.  Charles and Lothair were also feuding, with Charles being exiled from France over an infidelity allegation concerning Lothair's wife. In particular, Henry II had strong connections to Margrave Gunther of Merseburg, Count Egbert the One-Eyed, and Dietrich I of Wettin, who were all displeased with Otto II's lack of adherence to Saxon tradition. Otto I then sent word for Otto II to join him in Italy. He became the progenitor of the Imperial Salian dynasty. The Ottonians had particular religious interest in Memleben as both Otto II's father Otto I and grandfather Henry I had died there. Otto II attempted on several occasions to reunify the Lombard principalities politically and ecclesiastically into his Empire after Pandulf's death.  Otto II imprisoned Henry II under the custody of the Bishop of Utrecht where he would remain until Otto II's death in 983. News of the battle did cross the Alps, however, reaching as far as Wessex in England, signifying the magnitude of the defeat. Otto II died in 983 while attempting to bring Venice under imperial control. The early death of Otto II and the ensuing events proved to be a serious test for Empire. As a result of this victory, Otto II officially annexed Denmark into the Empire and exiled Harald to Norway. Adelheid I, Abbess of Quedlinburg and Gandersheim, born November or December 977, died 1040. When his father died after a 37-year reign, the eighteen-year-old Otto II became absolute ruler of the Holy Roman Empire in a peaceful succession. Also, the appointment of Conrad I allowed the House of the Conradines to return to power in Swabia for the first time since Emperor Otto I in 948. A member of the Ottonian dynasty, Otto II was the youngest and sole surviving son of Otto the Great and Adelaide of Italy. Otto II's marriage to the Byzantine Princess Theophanu proved to be to his disadvantage because the Saxon nobles felt it distanced the Emperor from their interests. Sohn des Römischen Kaisers OTTO I. dann im Jahr 973. Otto II had been king of Germany for twelve years and Emperor for five at the time of Otto the Great's death. With his power over northern and central Italy secured, Otto I sought to clarify his relationship with the Byzantine Empire in the East. The relationship between the Empire and the Republic of Venice was readdressed during Otto II's reign. OTTO und Partner brauchen deine Zustimmung (Klick auf „Ok”) bei vereinzelten Datennutzungen, um dir unter anderem Informationen zu deinen Interessen anzuzeigen.  Otto III's right to the throne, however, was supported by Archbishop Willigis of Mainz and the Dukes of Saxony, Bavaria, and Swabia.  Nevertheless, the Empire was forced to withdraw to the western banks of the Elbe river. December 983 zu Rom. Though Otto I was crowned Emperor in 962 and returned to Germany in 965, the political situation in Italy remained unstable. Then, Pandulf's nephew Pandulf II was given Benevento when Otto II partitioned Landulf IV's territory, with Landulf IV keeping Capua. In 979 Benedict VII's position as ruler of Rome was threatened, forcing the Pope to withdraw from and seek the aid of the Emperor. On April 14, 972, Otto II married Theophanu, a Byzantine princess of the Phokas family who was the cousin of reigning Byzantine Emperor John I Tzimiskes. Charles and Lothair were also feuding, with Charles being exiled from France over infidelity allegation concerning Lothair's wife. (*955/°983) und einer Handvoll Überlebender ein vor Anker liegendes Schiff zu erreichen. Whether Otto II released him from prison or if he escaped is not known for certain. Sein Name bedeutet im Germanisch-Althochdeutschen „der Besitzer des Erbgutes“. 371-381). Soldiers from the Northern March, the March of Meissen, the March of Lusatia, as well as from the Bishop of Halberstadt and the Archbishop of Magdeburg, joined forces to defeat the Slavs near Stendal. Als nach 37jähriger Herrschaft sein Vater verstarb, trat der erst 18jährige Otto die Alleinregierung an.  Otto II appointed him as his Imperial Chancellor from 980 to 982, as well as the Abbot of the Nonantola Abbey. am 28.November 912, † am 7. Otto II proceeded to hold court in Rome, making the city his Imperial capital, where he received princes and nobles from all parts of western Europe.. Seit 936 deutscher König und infolge seiner zweiten Heirat mit der Königinwitwe ADELHEID 951 auch italienischer König, wurde er 962 vom Papst in Rom zum römischen Kaiser gekrönt. He was succeeded as Emperor by his three-year-old son Otto III, plunging the Empire into a political crisis. He died on February 15, 2009 in … Not desiring civil war, Otto II, on September 22, 973, invested Henry as bishop. Otto II appointed Willigis, the Archbishop of Mainz, to serve as his regent over Germany. Otto II spent his reign continuing his father's policy of strengthening Imperial rule in Germany and extending the borders of the Empire deeper into southern Italy. Otto II then had Charles crowned as King of the Franks by Theodoric I, Bishop of Metz.  The imperial family was joined by Otto II's sister Matilda, Abbess of Quedlinburg, King Conrad of Burgundy and his wife Matilda of France, Duke Hugh Capet of France, Duke Otto of Swabia and Bavaria, and other high secular and religious officials from Germany, Italy and France. Otto II convened the Imperial Diet in mid-July at Dortmund. From the death of Otto the Great until Easter 974, Adelaide accompanied the Emperor at all times, traveling throughout the Empire with him.  In part, the Obrodite revolt was successful: The princely family, though in part remaining Christian, dissolved Christian institutions.. Following the suppression of Henry II's rebellion, Otto II used the Empire's monasteries as the location for the treason trials. While Otto the Great had pardoned rebellious family members for their crimes, Otto II followed a different policy. His conquests brought him into conflict with the Byzantine Empire and with the Muslims of the Fatimid Caliphate, who both held territories in southern Italy.  However, this policy necessarily meant war not only with the Byzantine Empire but with the Muslim Fatimid Caliphate, who claimed southern Italy as within their sphere influence. His policy was based not only on securing his power in Rome, or to cooperate with the Papacy, but also to gain absolute dominion over the whole of Italy. Otto II then prepared for a new campaign against the Muslims and obtained a settlement with the Republic of Venice, whose assistance he needed following the destruction of his army at Stilo. Pope Benedict VI, who had been appointed by Otto I, had been imprisoned by the Romans in Castel Sant'Angelo. After occupying Aachen for five days, Lothair returned to France after symbolically disgracing the city. Only in 972, six years later, under the new Byzantine Emperor John I Tzimiskes, was a marriage and peace agreement concluded, however. Upon hearing of the conspiracy, Poppo, the Bishop of Würzburg, demanded Henry II and his followers to submit to Otto II or face excommunication. Otto III thus became the only German king elected south of the Alps. Otto I entrusted his illegitimate son, Archbishop … He was generous to the church and aided the spread of Christianity in many ways. ‚der Rote‘ oder ‚der Blutdurstige‘.  While Otto I had secured succession of the throne, he had violated the Kingdom's unwritten law that succession rights could only be granted to a child who has reached the age of majority. The situation south of the Alps was chaotic. By 976, Henry II returned to Bavaria. OTTO I 978-985, 995-1002, KONRAD I 1004-1011, KONRAD II 1036-1039 1. Pietro I's conciliating policy towards the Empire was ineffective. Pandulf's death in 981 deprived Otto II of one of his primary lieutenants. Zum 75. Um Personen einer Familie zu kennzeichnen, einigte sich die neuzeitliche Geschichtsschreibung auf familientypische Geschlechternahmen. den Herzögen her (Konrad der Rote: Lothringen, 944). Around the year 982, Imperial authority in Slavic territory extended as far east as the Lusatian Neisse River and as far south as the Ore Mountains. (auch Otto der Rote genannt; * 955; † 7. These appointments continued his policy of appointing of individuals who had no political links to Otto the Great, including those who had even rebelled against him. — O. war von den drei Söhnen, welche die burgundische Adelheid Otto dem Großen geboren hatte, der jüngste, wurde aber schon im Knabenalter, da die beiden älteren Brüder in frühester Kindheit starben, zum … His campaigns under Otto I and Otto II incorporated all three of the southern Lombard principalities - Benevento, Capua, and Salerno - into the Holy Roman Empire. By depriving Bavaria of the March of Verona, Otto II considerably reduced the influence of the Bavarian Dukes in northern Italy and in general Imperial policy regarding Italy. Begraben: Rom; St. Peter (Vatikanische Grotten) 3. With his older brothers dead, the two-year-old Otto became the Kingdom's crown prince and Otto I's heir apparent. Following the defeat of Otto II at Stilo in 983, the Lutici Federation of Polabian Slavs revolted against their German overlords, sparking a great revolt known as the Great Slav Rising (Slawenaufstand). Otto continued his father's policies of promoting a strong monarchy in Germany and of extending the influence of his house in Italy. Otto II spent his reign continuing his father's policy of strengthening Imperial rule in Germany and extending the borders of the Empire deeper into southern Italy. In part, the Obrodite revolt was successful: The princely family, though in part remaining Christian, dissolved Christian institutions. Under the reign of Otto the Great, Denmark fulfilled all its obligations and regularly paid tribute to the Germans.
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